June 13: Let’s Be Thankful Today Isn’t a Friday
Wait what did I just say? We will pretend that didn’t happen and just get into today’s events we’ve got some good ones.
1. 323–> Alexander the Great is No More
June 13, 1,694 years ago today Alexander the Great, ruler of Macedonia who famously defeated the Persians and created one of the greatest empires to this day, died from a fever lasting 10 days. One of the greatest and most famed leaders, Alexander was tutored by some scrub named Aristotle as a young one, and was eventually handed the keys to the Kingdom in 336 B.C. after his father’s (Phillip II) assassination. A few years later Alex marched in to Asia Minor and took the Persians for everything they had, not losing a single battle. In four years he conquered all of Asia Minor and Persia, not too shabby. But when he died he did not leave an heir or successor, so the enormous kingdom pictured above was left to its own devices. RIP in peace Alex.
2. 1807–> Thomas Jefferson Subpoenaed in Aaron Burr’s Trial
You probably know Burr from the famous Burr/Hamilton duel which he won, but on this day he was being tried for a different reason (charges for the duel were later dropped). Thomas Jefferson was summoned to court to testify by Burr in order to clear him of treason charges. Burr cooked up this wacky scheme of creating “a separate nation in the southwestern reaches of the American continent, including parts of Mexico, over which Burr would rule. The outrageous plan failed miserably when one of Burr’s co-conspirators, General James Wilkinson, betrayed Burr and alerted Jefferson to the plot. Burr was hunted down and arrested in 1806 and indicted for treason.” History.com You can’t make this stuff up folks.
3. 1966–> Miranda Rights established
In the Miranda vs. Arizona decision, the Supreme Court finally decided that people incriminated, facing incrimination, or investigation deserve rights as well. Basically Ernesto Miranda, accused of kidnapping raping, was interrogated for a few hours by police, and was not informed of his right to council before he was handed the paper he wrote his confession on. Not only that but there was substantial evidence that this confession was not voluntary but coercive, and he was also not informed of his right to silence. If you’ve watched any incarnation of Law and Order (it should be SVU) or other cop/crime show, than you’ve heard this before, and you’ve probably also always hoped you will never have them read to you by a boy in blue.
4. 1967–> Thurgood Marshall Appointed to Supreme Court
When Supreme Court Justice Tom Clark resigned, President Lyndon B. Johnson, on this June 13 50 years ago, appointed this man to fill the seat on America’s highest court. A couple days after being confirmed in the senate by a margin of 69-11, he was sworn in as the first African American Supreme Court Judge in US history by Chief Justice Earl Warren. Marshall, who attended law school at D.C.’s Howard University and was the NAACP’s chief legal counsel from 1938 to 1961, arguing cases that were aimed at fighting segregation and racial inequality, including a win in the the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education. Marshall would continue his valiant work and fight for equality for all in the Supreme court until ’91, and he died two years later. Thanks Thurgood!