June 26, 1541–> Conqueror of the Incas Conquered.
476 years ago today, Francisco Pizarro, best known as the conqueror of the Inca civilization, and “governor of Peru”, was murdered by Spanish enemies. Pizarro, under the spell of the reported wealth of the Inca, landed in Tumbes in 1532. He then led his men through the Andes Mountains and found the leader of the Quito Inca, Atahualpa at Cajamarca. Pizarro befriended Atahualpa at first, but then captured him, took a lot of his gold as ransom, and then ended up just killing him anyway. The Inca put up a fight, but their resistance was stopped in 1533. It took Pizarro and his men one year to conquer an entire civilization. After taking most of the riches the Inca had acquired, Pizarro promised his conquering buddy, Diego de Almagro, much of the land in present day Chile, but soured on the promise. As a result, Almagro seized Cuzco in 1538. Pizarro sent men to recapture the city, they succeeded, and murdered Almagro. Three years later on this very day, a group of Almagro’s adherents assasinated Pizarro while he was eating dinner. After, Almagro’s son, in one of the biggest power moves of all time, asserted himself the new governor of Peru.
June 26, 1945–> UN Charter Signed
On this day in 1945, the UN charter was officially signed in San Francisco. The idea came out of the League of Nations, one of the bigger supporters of this idea was our own President Woodrow Wilson. Immediately formed as a sort of opposition to the Axis powers, it became a vehicle to better arbitrate world and inter-state conflicts. The biggest task that the new organization would face would be the transition to peace, seeing that the war had already been won by that point.
June 26, 1956–> Federal Highway Act Approved.
61 June 26-ths ago the Federal Highway Act of 1956 was approved by US Congress. President Dwight D. Eisenhower had recognized the value of an interstate highway system not only for the traveling citizens, but also for military use, as the old system made it much tougher and longer to transport troops and goods to different areas of the US. Thus, lawmakers drafted this legislature to provide for a 65,000-km national system of defense and interstate highways to be built over 13 years. The federal government would pay for $24.8 billion or 90% of the project. To raise money, Congress hiked the gas tax from two to three cents per gallon and levied a series of other highway taxes (tolls). On June 26, 1956, the Senate approved the final version of the bill by a vote of 89 to 1. Shouts to I-95!
Happy Monday everyone!!