TDIH: July 26

July 26, 1775–> US Creates the Postal Service

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On this day all those years ago, the Second Continental Congress established the US Postal Service. Some schmuck named Benjamin Franklin was named as its first Postmaster General. Franklin laid the foundation for the modern Postal Service, like creating actual post offices and routes. Before, this mail was delivered to inns and taverns. Residents of the colonies would go there to receive letters from whomever, usually from Britain, which took months to arrive. He also did things including but not limited to setting up new, streamlined colonial routes and cutting down the delivery time between New York and Philadelphia by having the mail wagon travel over night via relay teams.

 

July 26, 1908–> FBI Formed

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On this July 26, U.S. Attorney General Charles Bonaparte birthed the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Bonaparte instructed a fresh group of investigators to report to Department of Justice Chief Examiner Stanley Finch. Later, the Office of the Chief Examiner was rebranded into the Bureau of Investigation, and became the FBI in 1935. When the Department of Justice was formed in 1870, it didn’t have investigators on its staff, but hired private investigators. Wanting to form a more efficient investigative branch of the government services, the Department of Justice hired 10 ex-Secret Service members to join an expanded Office of the Chief Examiner. The day when these agents reported to work–July 26, 1908–is celebrated as the creation of the FBI.

 

July 26, 1945–> Churchill Resigns

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In the pivotal moments of WWII, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was forced to resign. Following the Conservative Party’s loss to the Labour Party in the recent election, this came just before the Japanese surrender. Clement Attlee, the Labour Party member who was chosen to succeed Churchill, was sworn in later that day. After being out of office for 10 years, Churchill took up the post of First Lord of the Admiralty. In less than 10 months later he was named to replace Neville Chamberlain, who was deemed ineffective and “soft”. And, as we all (hopefully) learned, Churchill was the exact opposite of those things. He held this post from then until 1945, and again from 1951-1955. Thanks Winnie!!

 

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