TIH: August 18th

August 18th, 1227–> Genghis Khan Dies

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Let’s get it rolling shall we? On this day all those years ago, the world lost the man who would go on to become pretty much everyone on earth’s common ancestor, Genghis Khan. Khan, the leader of the great Mongol empire, died at the age of 60 during a fight against the Chinese kingdom of Xi Xia. Credited with uniting Northeast Asia by creating the Mongol Empire, while also giving the Silk road one stable political climate, Khan was one of the most brutal and ruthless leaders and warriors that the world has ever seen. According to legend he had his way with whatever village he conquered, which would lead to 1 in 12.5 of the people in Asia and 1 in 200 of the population as a whole claim to be descendants of the ancient ruler.

August 18, 1590–> Roanoke Colony Found Abandoned

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Mentioned in one of our incredible Tuesday’s Top 5 column by yours truly, Roanoke is truly one of the great mysteries in American history, and is just really interesting to read about. John White, an explorer and former governor of the first English settlement of the new world, was returning from a supply trip to England and was shocked to find not one living soul left at the colony. Among the people who disappeared were Smith’s daughter and granddaughter, the latter of whom was the first English child to be born in America. It was also his granddaughters third birthday. With no signs of violence and only the word “Croatan” etched on a tree as clues of what happened, Smith was rattled to say the least. He thought that Croatan meant the settlers had moved to the nearby Croatan Island, but a search of that isladn proved the theory to be wrong. It was also the name of a nearby Native American tribe. Based on the study of tree rings by archaeologists in the late 20th century hint that the colony experienced severe droughts from 1587-1589, and that without question led to the extinction of the colony. One theory has it that the settlers were absorbed into the nearby Croatan tribe and left the word on the tree as a note to Smith or anyone else. 

 

August 18th, 1930–> 19th Amendment Ratified

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Due to this being a historically a pro-women’s rights column, and in the spirit of loving the badass women of history, I’d like to talk about the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution. On this day the great state of Tennessee ratified this Amendment, which prohibited the denial of voting based on sex. This gave Congress the 2/3 majority it needed to put this law into effect. This was accomplished as a result of the brave women who were part of the women’s suffrage movement, which started in the mid 19th century. The suffrage movement included many women who were involved in the abolitionist and temperance movement (what’s good Hannah Jumper?). The fight for women’s rights has been, like most, a progressive one. In 1948 over 200 women gathered in the name of women’s rights at the Seneca Falls Convention to discuss the issues. The first national women’s rights convention was held in 1850. The National Woman Suffrage Association was founded by Susan B Anthony in 1869. That turned into the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1890. That same year Oregon became the first state to grant women the right to vote. During WWI, women stepped up to the plate and kept this country going while the boys were overseas fighting. In 1918 the 19th Amendment guaranteed voting rights for women. In WWII the same situation happened that did in WWI. Throughout the 20th century, the role of women in America was rapidly changing. They could vote, were receiving better educations, were joining the workforce in spades, and bore less children. Shouts out to all the powerful women out there!

 

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